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Burmese Army and Armed Groups Still Recruiting Children, The Huffington Post
On January 11, Burma’s Mergui Islands were featured as one of the “The 46 Places to Go in 2013” in The New York Times. A few days later, three civilians were killed after the Burmese army indiscriminately shelled the town of Laiza as part of an offensive against the non-state armed group Kachin Independent Army (KIA). Laiza, the de facto headquarters of the KIA, sits on the border of China almost 2,000 miles north of the Mergui archipelago. Yet the juxtaposition of these two narratives underscores Burma’s schizophrenic transition to nascent democracy and the challenges remaining for those committed to building upon the country’s fragile reforms. Central to these challenges is addressing the ongoing human rights violations perpetrated by the Burmese military and non-state armed groups, in particular the recruitment and use of child soldiers.
President Obama Announced his Intent to Appoint Robert Listenbee Jr. for Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Department of Justice, White House Office of the Press Secretary
Robert Listenbee, Jr. is Chief of the Juvenile Unit of the Defender Association of Philadelphia, a position he has held since 1997. He has also been a trial lawyer at the Defender Association of Philadelphia since 1986. Previously, from 1991 to 1997, Mr. Listenbee was Assistant Chief of the Juvenile Unit. He is a member of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Committee of the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, which advises the Governor of Pennsylvania on juvenile justice policy.
Toxacora, parasitic worms that grow in the intestines of puppies and kittens, release their eggs into the environment via the puppies’ and kittens’ feces. When the eggs worm their way into the soil or other surfaces on which puppies and kittens poop, and are then accidentally ingested by humans (people not washing their hands after gardening or kids playing in the dirt), the resulting infection, or toxocariasis, can cause vision loss and possibly even asthma and epilepsy.
How much a particular city is at risk of toxocariasis depends on how many animals are defecating in the streets and how much of that gets picked up and properly disposed of. Also, on whether people are deworming their puppies . . . the CDC recommends that parents “teach children that it is dangerous to eat dirt or soil.” Healthy habits begin at home.
The full study, “Quantifying sources of environmental contamination with Toxocara spp. eggs,” ispublished in the journal Veterinary Parasitology.