Weekly Roundup

Poor Children Need a New Brown v. Board of Education, The Wall Street Journal 

The California Supreme Court announced Aug. 22 that it would not hear Vergara v. California, a landmark case fighting for the educational rights of public-school students.

In Vergara, nine students challenged teacher-tenure and dismissal laws that make it nearly impossible for school districts to remove grossly ineffective teachers from the classroom.

Texas prepares to deny vehicle registrations to child support scofflaws, Houston Chronicle

Effective in December, anyone who has missed child support payments for six consecutive months will have to resume payments before renewing their vehicle registration.

Discrimination Lands Many LGBT Youth in the Justice System, New Report Says, Juvenile Justice Information Exchange

Studies show that while LGBT youth make up about 7 to 9 percent of the population, they account for larger percentages of youth in juvenile justice facilities, according to the report by the Movement Advancement Project and the Center for American Progress.

Another survey by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency of seven facilities found that 20 percent of youth identified as LGBT or gender nonconforming. In the same survey, 40 percent of girls in juvenile justice facilities identified as LGBT, while 85 percent of nongender-conforming youth were youth of color.

International Youth Day 2016

Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights

August 12th is International Youth Day! Check out the following statement from the Women’s Global Network for Reproductive Rights:

International Youth Day 2016:

#YouthVoicesMatter! Uphold Young People’s Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights!

This International Youth Day, the Women’s Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR) and the Latin American Caribbean Women’s Health Network (LACWHN) join advocates worldwide in calling on governments to ensure young people’s meaningful participation in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes affecting their lives. In particular, young people’s voices must be heard in regards to their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR).

To date, adolescents and young people continue to be among the most affected worldwide by persisting inequalities, particularly regarding their SRHR, where many:

  • live in regions where education and health systems are of poor quality and/or inaccessible;
  • are denied access to any existing SRH information and services, because of barriers such as marital or parental consent requirements, stigma surrounding adolescent sexuality, and negative/judgmental attitudes from parents, teachers, healthcare providers or other adult figures;[1]
  • are subjected to sexual violence or early or forced marriage[2];
  • are forced to carry a pregnancy against their will, or resort to desperate and unsafe measures to end an unwanted pregnancy, risking their health and lives;[3]
  • Are in turn denied their rights to health and development, education, safety, privacy, and bodily autonomy, among other human rights violations.[4]

2016 is the first year of implementation of the 2030 Agenda, which will shape the international community’s sustainable development efforts over the next 15 years. Yet the 2030 Agenda actually includes few explicit references to adolescents and young people, let alone their SRHR, thereby exemplifying how all too often they continue to be rendered invisible at a policy level in both national and international contexts. Moreover, when young people are recognized they are often treated as a monolith, overlooking their diversity in terms of age, gender, socioeconomic background, civil status, migrant status, whether they are living with HIV, and whether they are in or out of school, among other issues. As a result, certain groups of young people are rendered even more invisible and vulnerable than others; and laws, policies and programmes often fail to acknowledge let alone meet young people’s specific needs, including their SRHR.

Young people have repeatedly shown a willingness, commitment and capacity to be at the table and participate in policy-making processes. In the lead-up to the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, young people worldwide consistently demonstrated their leadership, amplifying their voices and priorities in envisioning “the world we want” through landmark multi-stakeholder documents such as the Bali Global Youth Forum Declaration, and the Colombo Declaration on Youth[5], as well as through participation in the Major Groups system. Youth advocates have also emphasized the critical importance of recognizing young people’s SRHR, both in terms of realizing other human rights, and their cross-cutting centrality in achieving social justice, women’s and girls’ empowerment, and sustainable development.[6]

If the international community and governments worldwide are to develop and implement sustainable policies and programmes that truly promote young people’s health, rights, and wellbeing, youth voices and priorities must be treated as central.

As such, this International Youth Day we join youth advocates, youth-led and youth-serving organizations and partners worldwide in calling on governments to:

  • Create an enabling environment for meaningful youth participation in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes that affect their lives, at all levels and across all sectors;
  • Establish in collaboration with young people youth-friendly and accessible forms of communication and participation, [7] to enable their active involvement;
  • Ensure the visibility of adolescents and young people in all their diversity in national data collection, through data disaggregation by age (including 10-14 year olds), sex, gender, race, income, ethnicity, disability and geographic location;
  • Ensure and expand the provision of comprehensive sexuality education and youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services, including safe and legal abortion and post-abortion care, that are accessible, affordable, confidential, and high-quality, free of marital and parental consent requirements;
  • Recognize young people’s evolving capacities and specific needs, where there is a “legal presumption of competence that an adolescent seeking preventive or time-sensitive sexual and reproductive health goods and services has the requisite capacity to access such goods and services,” as recommended by the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.[8]

Young people are not only potential leaders in the future; they are also rights-holders here and now!

#YouthVoicesMatter! #IYD2016 #YouthSRHR


[1] Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, A/HRC/32/32 (2016), Para. 60; CRC General Comment No. 12, The Right of the child to be hear, U.N. Doc. CRC/C/GC/12 (2009).

[2] Special Rapporteur Para. 14

[3] Special Rapporteur Para. 59; Guttmacher Institute (2016), Adolescents’ Need for and Use of Abortion Services in Developing Countries.

[4] Special Rapporteur Paras. 13, 102; CRC General Comment 4, Adolescent health and development in the context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, U.N. Doc. CRC/GC/2003/4 (2003), Para. 10 and Intro.

[5] ICPD Beyond 2014, Bali Global Youth Forum Declaration; World Conference on Youth 2014, Colombo Declaration on Youth

[6] 2016 YouthCSW Declaration on Gender Equality and the Human Rights of Young Women and Girls; CSW 60 Young Feminist Caucus Statement (2016).

[7] Special Rapporteur Para. 21

[8] Special Rapporteur, Para. 60.

[9] CRC, General Comment No. 4, Para. 3; Special Rapporteur Para. 55.

[10] A/RES/62/126, Para. 18.

 

Weekly Roundup

“The U.S. Education Department solicited public comment on draft regulationsit has created for states to implement the school “accountability” and data reporting provisions of the new Every Student Succeeds Act […]
When Education Secretary John B. King Jr. announced the proposed rules in May, he said they were designed to “give states the opportunity to work all of their stakeholders … to protect all students’ right to a high-quality education,” and that they “give educators room to reclaim for all of their students the joy and promise of a well-rounded educational experience.””

“Babies with microcephaly — an abnormally small skull, often accompanied by brain damage — tend to be more easily agitated than other infants and cry incessantly. Many develop severe cognitive and physical disabilities and need expensive therapies and monitoring by specialists.
Caring for these children is so difficult that staffers at the region’s hospitals worry that, without the help of a partner, some mothers might abandon them.
That has happened in a few cases in the northeastern state of Pernambuco, where the surge in microcephaly cases began last year, and in the coastal city of Rio de Janeiro, to the south. Orphanages commonly take in children with disabilities, and in some hard-hit cities, they are bracing for an increase in admissions.
The fear for children damaged by Zika is compounded by the poverty and youth of many of the parents, some of them teenagers.”

“Del. David Moon, a Montgomery County Democrat and member of the House Judiciary Committee, asked Abed during a hearing for the amount of contraband found when youths were strip-searched. He said that data was not provided to him, and that he is still not convinced that other search methods couldn’t be used to address the department’s security concerns.
“The welfare of the child should be taken into account,” Moon said, pointing out that the United Nations has called for alternatives to invasive searches because they violate human rights.
He said that during hearings, pictures of contraband found by the department were metal objects that could have been discovered using a metal detector. The most dangerous substance he observed was a cigarette, he said.
“The public would be far less interested in strip-searching every kid who comes in if the goal was to find tobacco,” Moon said.
Advocates, attorneys and monitors in the state’s Juvenile Justice Monitoring Unit long argued that the practices should be used only on youths who are a risk to themselves and others.”