Weekly Roundup

Minors Charged as Adults Sue County for Placing Them in Solitary Confinement

In King County, Washington, four minors who were charged as adults and were placed in solitary confinement are suing the county. The county has a practice of placing youths in isolation before their trial dates. Among other things, the lawsuit alleges “King County regularly confines children incarcerated at the RJC [Maleng Regional Justice Center in Kent] alone in miniscule, barren cells for 23 or 24 hours a day in a unit dedicated to isolating children…[and] King County holds children in these isolation cells for weeks or months on end.” Read more here.

Opioid Orphans

The current opioid crisis is leading to “a generation of children…being neglected, abandoned or orphaned by parents addicted to opioids.” Grandparents, then, are often called on to take the place of the parents. Here is one of their stories.

Schools Start to Reopen in Puerto Rico after Maria, But Many Remain Closed

Some children are able to head back to school in Puerto Rico, but many others may have to wait for months to return to school. Read here for more.

 

Fighting for Children’s Lives

Two recent stories in the news offer views on parents’ fights to save the lives of children through medical intervention and technology. One shows the now-hopeless struggle of parents to get their child experimental treatment. The other demonstrates how a mother is providing hope for parents desperately needing care for their newborns.

Most people are familiar with Charlie Gard’s dire situation and his parents’ fight for experimental treatment. Charlie has a rare genetic condition. His parents have fought England’s National Health Service, the British courts, and the European Court of Human Rights to allow them to bring Charlie to America for experimental treatment that offers a sliver of hope. Despite raising over a million pounds to help pay for the treatment in the US, the various courts denied the parents’ bid to bring their child to the US. This healthcare decision strips the rights of an infant’s parents and places such decisions in the hands of hospital administrators and judges. The case offers more questions than answers. What does it portend for parents who want a say in the treatment options for their children? What are the implications for parents’ rights when judges are able to tell doctors to stop treatment even though the parents object and have the money to pay for the treatment they desire? How much worse will such situations be for those who desire treatment but cannot afford it? Take a look at this BBC article and this piece from The Washington Post for more information.

Meanwhile, another story shows a mother’s fight to save the lives of children halfway around the world. Dr. Rebecca Richards-Kortum, a professor in the bioengineering department at Rice University, used the proceeds from a MacArthur genius grant to develop low-cost technology to diagnose cancer quickly and easily in isolated areas of the world. Along with her campus organization, the Rice 360° Institute for Global Health, she is now a semifinalist for a $100 million MacArthur grant to address newborn death rates in sub-Saharan Africa. She and her team have already developed life-saving devices including a machine to improve the airflow into children’s lungs. The respiratory machine sells for a fraction of the price of similar machines in the developed world and has increased the survival rate of babies with respiratory distress. Her work is inspired by a research trip to Malawi where she saw babies in ill-equipped hospitals, “She saw things…from two perspectives: as an engineer and as a mother.” Her perspective as a mother inspires her to work to save other children, and her work gives hope to parents who desperately need better care for their children in the developing world. Check out this profile in The Wall Street Journal to learn more about Dr. Richards-Kortum’s work.

 

The Child Left Behind

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/implications-immigration-enforcement-activities-well-being-children-immigrant-families
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/implications-immigration-enforcement-activities-well-being-children-immigrant-families

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/implications-immigration-enforcement-activities-well-being-children-immigrant-families

Studies conducted by the Migration Policy Institute and the Urban Institute show that deportation of a parent has a dramatic effect on the child, similar to when a child’s parent goes to prison. Washington Times reporter, Lydia DePillis, wrote:

The Obama administration has already expelled about 3.7 million people who were living here illegally between 2009 and 2013. While the pace of deportations has slowed dramatically, with a shift in enforcement towards weeding out those who have actually committed crimes in America, the Migration Policy Institute estimates that several hundred thousand children have either one or no parents in America as a result. And 5.3 million children are still living with unauthorized parents, constantly under threat of losing one or both.

We’re just starting to understand the impact that losing a mother — or, much more often, a father — can have on those kids’ development.

A pair of reports issued Monday paint a broad picture of how kids have been affected by deportations in the past several years. Both were funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and conducted by the Migration Policy Institute and the Urban Institute, with help from research and input from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

The first, a survey of smaller-scale studies conducted on unauthorized immigrant families, shows that the effects of losing a parent to deportation are basically the same as what happens when a parent goes to prison: Kids can become homeless, bounce around to different family members, lose focus in school, and undergo long-lasting psychological trauma. One study found that family income dropped by 70 percent in the six months following a deportation, and one quarter of families in that situation reported going hungry.

The second, a synthesis of field work at study sites in California, Florida, Texas, South Carolina, and Illinois, found all of those impacts — and also identified gaps in social services that are ill-equipped to handle the special needs of children whose families have been ruptured by immigration rules.

“Study participants reported that children refused to eat, pulled out their hair, or had persistent stomachaches or headaches,” the authors write. “Others turned to more self-destructive outlets such as cutting themselves or abusing substances.”

Find the full article at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonkblog/wp/2015/09/21/this-is-what-would-happen-to-the-children-of-11-million-illegal-immigrants-if-president-trump-deported-them/

Find the report at: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/implications-immigration-enforcement-activities-well-being-children-immigrant-families